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Understanding Combat Sambo: The Ultimate Martial Art

Combat Sambo is a dynamic and multifaceted martial art originating from the Soviet Union in the early 20th century. Unlike traditional Sambo, which focuses on grappling and throws, Combat Sambo incorporates striking, making it a complete self-defense system. This martial art has grown in popularity due to its effectiveness in both competitive and self-defense scenarios. In this article, we delve into the history, techniques, and benefits of Combat Sambo.

The Origins of Combat Sambo

Sambo, an acronym for "SAMozashchita Bez Oruzhiya" or "self-defense without weapons," was developed in the Soviet Union in the 1920s. It was created by combining techniques from various martial arts, including Judo, Jiu-Jitsu, and traditional Russian wrestling. The primary goal was to develop a comprehensive hand-to-hand combat system for the military.

Combat Sambo evolved from this foundation, adding striking techniques from boxing, karate, and kickboxing. The Soviet military needed a versatile and effective combat system that could be used in various situations, from battlefield encounters to personal self-defense. Combat Sambo was the answer, providing soldiers with the tools to defend themselves and neutralize threats quickly and efficiently.

Techniques and Training

Combat Sambo is characterized by its blend of grappling and striking techniques. Practitioners learn to throw, pin, and submit opponents while also mastering punches, kicks, elbows, and knees. This combination makes Combat Sambo a well-rounded and adaptable martial art.

  1. Grappling Techniques: These include throws, takedowns, and submissions. The emphasis is on using leverage and technique to control and subdue opponents. Combat Sambo practitioners often use Judo-style throws and wrestling takedowns to bring their opponents to the ground, where they can apply joint locks and chokes.

  2. Striking Techniques: Combat Sambo incorporates a wide range of striking techniques, including punches, kicks, elbows, and knees. The striking aspect of Combat Sambo is designed to be practical and effective, focusing on quick and powerful attacks that can incapacitate an opponent.

  3. Defensive Techniques: Defense is a critical component of Combat Sambo. Practitioners learn to block, parry, and evade attacks while preparing to counterattack. This includes using footwork to maintain distance and positioning to avoid strikes.

Training in Combat Sambo is rigorous and demanding. Practitioners must develop strength, speed, and endurance to execute techniques effectively. Training sessions typically include a combination of conditioning exercises, technique drills, and sparring. Sparring is a crucial part of Combat Sambo training, as it allows practitioners to test their skills in realistic scenarios.

Benefits of Combat Sambo

Combat Sambo offers numerous physical and mental benefits. Here are some key advantages:

  1. Physical Fitness: Combat Sambo training improves overall physical fitness, including strength, endurance, flexibility, and coordination. The intense workouts help practitioners build muscle and burn fat, leading to improved health and well-being.

  2. Self-Defense Skills: One of the primary benefits of Combat Sambo is its effectiveness in self-defense situations. Practitioners learn practical techniques that can be used to protect themselves and others in real-world scenarios.

  3. Mental Toughness: Combat Sambo training develops mental toughness and resilience. Practitioners learn to stay calm under pressure, make quick decisions, and maintain focus during intense situations. This mental fortitude is valuable both in and out of the gym.

  4. Discipline and Confidence: Like many martial arts, Combat Sambo instills discipline and confidence in its practitioners. The structured training regimen and the achievement of mastering new techniques contribute to a sense of accomplishment and self-confidence.


Combat Sambo is a unique and effective martial art that combines the best elements of grappling and striking. Its origins in the Soviet military highlight its practicality and efficiency in combat situations. Whether you are looking to improve your self-defense skills, enhance your physical fitness, or develop mental toughness, Combat Sambo offers a comprehensive training experience. By embracing the rigorous training and diverse techniques of Combat Sambo, practitioners can achieve a higher level of proficiency in martial arts and self-defense.


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